Apr 20, 2024  
Undergraduate Catalog 2019-2020 
Undergraduate Catalog 2019-2020 [ARCHIVED CATALOG]

Education, Secondary Education (BEd)

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The Bachelor of Education in Secondary Education prepares qualified candidates to become Secondary Education 6-12 teachers in an academic discipline in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Academic endorsement choices are biology, chemistry, English, history/social sciences, and mathematics. Preservice candidates in this professional degree work with mentor educators teaching students through multiple experiences in middle and high schools. Secondary Education candidates learn to combine knowledge, theory and skills from academic and pedagogy courses with effective, research-based instructional, management, assessment and reflection strategies practiced in field experiences to help adolescents achieve their best school careers.

Program Outcomes

Students completing the Bachelor of Education in Secondary Education are able to:

  • demonstrate an understanding of the curriculum, subject content, and the developmental needs of students by providing relevant learning experiences;
  • plan using the Virginia Standards of Learning, the school’s curriculum, effective strategies, resources, and data to meet the needs of all students;
  • effectively engage students in learning by using a variety of instructional strategies in order to meet individual learning needs;
  • systematically gather, analyze, and use all relevant data to measure student academic progress, guide instructional content and delivery methods, and provide timely feedback to both students and parents throughout the term;
  • use resources, routines, and procedures to provide a respectful, positive, safe, student-centered environment that is conducive to learning;
  • maintain a commitment to professional ethics, communicate effectively, and take responsibility for and participate in professional growth that results in enhanced student learning; and
  • perform work that results in acceptable, measurable, and appropriate student academic progress.

State Requirements for Teacher Licensure

Students preparing to be teachers are expected to meet the requirements for teacher licensure currently in effect in the Commonwealth of Virginia. Most states grant teaching licensure on a reciprocal basis when the educating institution is approved by its own state department of education or when graduates of an institution are eligible for teaching licensure in the state in which they were educated. Teacher education programs at Shenandoah University are approved programs of the Virginia State Board of Education, and nationally accredited by the Council for the Accreditation of Educator Preparation (CAEP); thus, graduates will have met all educational requirements for Virginia licensure.


Students are admitted to the Bachelor of Education in Secondary Education degree in Pre-Candidate status, based on the entrance criteria established by the University and School of Education and Leadership. After choosing their academic discipline (endorsement), students follow the course of study published in the Shenandoah University Undergraduate Catalog for the year of entrance to the university.

Secondary Education students must take the PRAXIS Academic Core Mathematics test (or document SAT / ACT exemption) and pass the Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment test (VCLA) prior to the Candidate Screening interview. Bachelor of Education Secondary Education students are admitted to candidacy following successful completion of the Candidate Screening.

Candidate Screening

Candidate Screening is conducted during the third and fourth semesters of study in the Bachelor of Education curricula, and all students in those programs are required to apply for Teacher Education Candidacy. Faculty will conduct screening interviews for students who apply during the sophomore year to assess whether their academic, personal and professional progress qualifies them for candidacy. Transfer students need to meet with the program advisor to decide on the individual’s best time to apply for candidacy.

Students must complete the following requirements:

  1. complete the Teacher Candidate Education Application, available in the Bachelor of Education Teacher Education Handbook received in the EDU 310 class or from Program Advisors or the Office of Professional Licensure;
  2. demonstrate a consistent level of academic success in all coursework during semesters previous to the application:  Submit official transcripts showing a grade point average of at least 3.0 in the education major and an overall grade point average of at least 2.5;
  3. submit two recommendations (academic and non-academic dispositions), one from a professional in education and one from a professional in an academic endorsement field.
  4. have taken the Praxis Core Academic Skills for Educators: Mathematics test or SAT / ACT exemption criteria. See Admissions section of this catalog for specific score requirement. Official score reports must be sent to Shenandoah University’s Office of Admissions.
  5. have taken the Virginia Communication and Literacy Assessment (VCLA);
  6. have completed at least 80% of  SHEN-ED course requirements;
  7. completed EDU 310 The Profession of Teaching and PSY 222 Lifespan Development with a “C” or better, including
    1. completing the Child Abuse and Neglect Identification Training Module
    2. completing a criminal background check with no disqualifying offenses; and
    3. completing a minimum of 20 hours of practicum, meeting program criteria.

The University’s Mathematics, Academic Enrichment, and Writing Centers assist students with preparation for PRAXIS Core exams by providing study materials and sessions.

The Teacher Education Faculty Advisory Board reviews applications and recommendations for admission into the education program, and later into student teaching. A minimum GPA of 3.0 in the education major and 2.5 overall GPA are required. Additional requirements for the Candidate Screening are detailed in the Bachelor of Education Teacher Education Handbook.

Upon successful completion of the Candidate Screening interview, students will be admitted as candidates to the teacher education licensure program. Students who do not satisfy the Candidate Screening interview requirements will not be admitted into 300- or 400-level education methods courses.

Pre-Student Teaching Candidate Licensure Assessments

All initial licensure teacher education programs at Shenandoah University require:

  1. PRAXIS Subject Assessment exam must be passed prior to student teaching; and
  2. VCLA must be passed before student teaching.

Shenandoah University has been entrusted by the Virginia Department of Education and our K-12 School Partners with the responsibility for determining the fitness of an individual to student teach.

Required Courses

Required Courses: 120-122 credits (depending on endorsement)

Shenandoah University-SHEN-ED (Gen Ed) 30 credits in eight spheres

(31-32 credits, if 4-credit courses are chosen)

(*Alternate SHEN-ED courses shown in Academic Endorsement Lists)

ENG 101- Composition (3)

HIST 101- World Civilizations I

OR HIST 102-World Civilizations II (3)

ENG 209 -Writing About Literature (3)

HIST 103 -US History I (3)

MATH 102- Precalculus II (3)

OR MATH 201- Calculus &Analytic Geometry (4) [for Math Ed and Chem Ed]

OR MATH 207 -Intro to Statistics (3) [Bio Ed]

ES 101-Intro to Environmental Studies (3) OR GEOL 201- Physical Geology (4) [for Bio Ed, Chem Ed, Math Ed]


MCOM 150 -Public Speaking (3)

REL 202 – World Religions

OR MCOM 211 – Media Ethics (3)

PSY 101- General Psychology (3)

FYS 101-Freshman Year Experience (3)




(27 Credits plus 12-15 credits of Electives)

PSY 222 – Lifespan Development (3)

EDU 344 – Methods and Management in Middle/Secondary Schools (3)

EDU 310 – The Teaching Profession (3)

RDG 425 – Literacy in Content Areas (3)

EDU 349 – Curriculum & Instruction in Middle/Secondary Schools (3)

EDU 441 – Student Teaching in Middle/Secondary Schools (9)

EDU 343 – Methods and Assessment in Middle/Secondary Schools (3)

15 credits of Electives (at least one at 300+ level) (Chem Ed=12 cr. electives)







(36 credits Plus 12 credits of Electives)


(36 credits plus 12 credits of Electives)

ENG 201 – Advanced Essay* (3)

HIST 101 OR HIST 102 - World Civilizations I* OR II* (3)

ENG 210 – Modern Grammar (3)

HIST 104 – US History II (3)

ENG 230 – World Literature (3)

HIST 201 – The Practice of History (3)

ENG 263 OR ENG 264 – British Literature I* OR II* (3)

HIST 350 - Virginia History (3)

ENG 283 – American Literature I* (3)

PSCI 103 – Foundational Ideas of Political Society* (3)

ENG 284 – American Literature II* (3)

PSCI 201 – American Government (3)

ENG 287 – African American Literature* (3)

PSCI 202–State and Local Government* (3)

ENG 309 – Peer Tutoring in Writing (3)

PSCI 204 – Intro to International Relations (3)

ENG 311 – Young Adult Literature (3)

PSCI 209 - Intro to Comparative Politics (3)

ENG 313 – Critical Theory (3)

GEO 101 – Physical Geography*(3)

ENG 318 – Writing for Online Audiences OR ENG 307 - Literature and Film OR 3 credits of ENG 120/220/320/420 - Literary Magazine Production (3)

GEO 202 – Human Geography*(3)

MCOM 227 Media Literacy (3)

EC 211 – Principles of Macroeconomics (3)

12 credits of Related Electives

12 credits of Related Electives

Degree Total

for English Endorsement = 120

Degree Total

for History/Social Sciences Endorsement = 120




(47 credits, Labs included)


(31 credits plus 17 credits of electives)

(SHEN-ED: take GEOL 201 Physical Geology (4); Take MATH 207 Intro to Statistics (3), or else add them to this list of requirements)

MATH 202 – Calculus and Analytic Geometry II (4)

BIO 121 – General Biology I (4)

MATH 207 - Intro to Statistics* (3)

BIO 122 – General Biology II (4)

MATH 209 - Discrete Mathematics (3)

PHYS 111 – College Physics I (4)

MATH 302 - Multivariable Calculus (3)

CHEM 121 – General Chemistry I* (4)

MATH 303 – Linear Algebra (3)

CHEM 122 – General Chemistry II* (4)

MATH 341 – Theory of Numbers (3)

BIO 260 – Microbiology (4)

MATH 365 – History of Mathematics (3)

BIO 316 – Genetics (3)

MATH 403 - Intro to Modern Algebra (3)

BIO 321 – Ecology (4)

MATH 405 – Geometry (3)

BIO 344 – Plant Morphology (4)

CS 121 – Introduction to Programming (3)

BIO 351 – Vertebrate Zoology (4)

17 credits of Related Electives

(Options include:

Computer Science Minor

or Data Science Minor+)

BIO 409 – Cell Biology (4)

4 credits of Related Electives

Degree Total

for Biology Endorsement = 120

Degree Total

for Mathematics Endorsement = 120+




(51 credits, Labs included)


(SHEN-ED: take GEOL 201 Physical Geology (4), Take MATH 201 Calculus / Analytic Geometry (4); OR add them to this list of requirements)


CHEM 121 – General Chemistry I *(4)


CHEM 122 – General Chemistry II* (4)


BIO 121 – General Biology I (4)


BIO 122 – General Biology II (4)


PHYS 111 – College Physics I (4)


CHEM 211 – Analytical Chemistry (4)


CHEM 301 – Organic Chemistry I (4)


CHEM 302 – Organic Chemistry II (4)


CHEM 311 – Instrumental Analysis (4)


CHEM 317 – Inorganic Chemistry (3)


CHEM 321 - Physical Chemistry I (4)


CHEM 331 - Biochemistry I (4)

CHEM 332 - Biochemistry II (4)


(Prerequisites for MATH 201 may require additional credits for this endorsement)


Degree Total

for Chemistry Endorsement = 122




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